Dependency Needs, Living Arrangements, and Well-being among Older Persons in Indonesia (from a longitudinal panel study part)

Seminar no. 1232
20 September 2023 Time 12.30 – 13.30 hrs.

Speaker: Mrs.Farma Mangunsong (Ph.D. student, IPSR, Mahidol University)

As a consequence of deteriorating physical state, older persons experience higher dependency needs, in terms of physical, financial, or psychological aspect, on younger family member in their daily life. As Indonesia arrived at aged population in 2021 since percentage of persons age 60 or above reached 10.82% of the total population, concern about health of older persons rises. Health is the most important aspect contributing to their well-being, but the contribution drops faster than employment/main activity, income, and education as age gets older. Previous studies focused more on association between the dependency needs and well-being, or living arrangements and well-being. This research intends to examine whether associations between dependency needs and well-being are modified by types of the living arrangement. This progress presentation will perform a longitudinal panel study part by using data of Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) wave 4 as baseline and wave 5 as follow-up. There were 821 respondents remaining at wave 5 of 2,151 respondents aged 60 or above at wave 4. It was found that having any Instrumental Activities Daily Living (IADL) limitations at the baseline and a transition from without to with any IADL limitations reduced the well-being. There was no a different effect on the well-being between co-residence with adult child at both waves and living without adult child at any points.