Rural and urban differences in job opportunities, income, health services, education, and well-being attract many people to move and living in the city following their expectation for a better life. As a result, the proportion of the urban population around the world rapidly increased in the 20th century. At the same time, the demand of jobs and housing in urban areas also grew along with the proportion of the urban population, which has created an imbalance between jobs and residences. To bridge the gap, several housing projects, factories, and skyscrapers were constructed in suburban and rural areas where the land price is significantly lower than urban areas. The development of infrastructure such as main roads and transit corridors including the transportation system have created more choices in terms of mode of transport and commuting patterns.
Most of previous studies on the commuting patterns in Thailand focused on the specific area such as village or community. Moreover, there was no study in Bangkok and its vicinities. Therefore, this study would like to fulfill the gap of knowledge of the commuting patterns in Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR). The objectives of this study are to examine the determinant of work at home and work outside home (intra- and inter-province) in BMR, To explore the commuting patterns (commuting time, mode, direction, and cost) of commuters in BMR, to investigate the influence of demographic, family and community factors on commuting patterns in BMR
In this seminar, the presenter would like to present the progress report on his dissertation and to share the experiences in the University of Oklahoma, USA. Please come to join and participate in this seminar and would be very grateful for any comments and suggestions.
Moderator: Ms. Ruttana Phetsitong
[Seminar No. 1005]
Consumption Patterns and Financial Security of Older Persons in Thailand
By: Ms. Suchita Manachit, Ph.D. student
March 14, 2018 Time: 13:30 – 14:30 hrs. Room Srabua (109)
Older person's consumption pattern in Thailand has become a mystery matter due to the unique economic and social environment of the 21-century in Thailand. Economic improvement has brought along the better and more expensive standard of living. The way that people live their lives and items of expenditure that are necessary to living is much different from the past. Beside the living standard, living arrangement of the Thai household has also differed from the past.
In the seminar, the presenter will present the progress report on her dissertation titled “Consumption Patterns and Financial Security of Older Persons in Thailand”. The study investigated changes in consumption patterns of the household and household with older person before and after Thailand enter Aging Society in year 2005. Moreover, the study investigated older person household characteristic of each consumption pattern clusters using cluster analysis.
The data that used in this study is the Household Socio-Economic Survey (SES) year 1996, 2006 and 2015 by Thailand National Statistic Office. The SES dataset contains 25,110 household for year 1996, 44,918 household for year 2006 and 43,400 household for year 2015. Consumption pattern are grouped according to Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (COICOP) published by the United Nations Statistics Division.
The result revealed consumption pattern of household in general and household with older person before and after aged society. Surprisingly against the common understanding, health related expense for older person household seem to decline over years. Food and non-alcoholic beverages remain the single largest consumption expenditure for Thais households.
Please come join us to hear from her and would be grateful for any additional suggestions and comments.
Moderator: Ms. Reena Tadee
March 14, 2018 Time: 12:30 – 13:30 hrs. Room Srabua (109)