Ratjar Srisuthep

Country: Thailand

Advisor: Buppha Sirirassamee

The main objectives of this study are to examine changing patterns and factors affecting the working status of the Thai elderly. Multiple Decrement Life Table of Working and Pooled Cross-sectional data analysis were used with data from the Labor Force Survey of Thailand, Round 3, of 1990, 1994, 1997, 1998 and 2000, collated by the National Statistical Office. Data was also collected through in-depth interviews in Bangkok and nearby provinces. The results revealed a slightly larger proportion of working than non-working male elderly, while only one-third of the female elderly were working. Similarly, among married elderly, there was a higher proportion of workers. One-quarter of the widowed, divorced or separated elderly were working. All of those who were working regarded themselves as being in good health. Only one-quarter of the uneducated elderly were working while the proportion was higher among those with primary education. There was only a small proportion of the total sample with incomes above the poverty line; all of these people were working. Only 30 per cent of the elderly who were not heads of households were working. Considering the years 1990 to 2000, life expectancy increased for every age group in the elderly population. As a consequence, the proportion of those who were not working also increased. During the economic crisis of 1997 in particular, a higher proportion of the non-working elderly was found among those aged 70 years and over. Those who were 80 years and over, had a self-perception of poor health, were of female gender or of widowed, divorced or separated marital status were less likely to be working.


Doctor of Philosophy in Demography (International Program)
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