Time Spent on The Internet and Its Relationship with Cyberbullying Victimization Consequences: Psychological Wellbeing and Health Behavior in Samarinda, Indonesia

Seminar no. 1265
29 May 2024 Time 12.30 – 13.30 hrs.

Speaker: Mr. Purwo Setiyo Nugroho

The advanced development of information and communication technology in the past decade has significantly impacted positively and negatively globally. People are more familiar with technology equipment for their daily activities easier. Increasing time spent on internet use has the potential for someone to do something good or bad experience in cyberspace, including cyberbullying experience. Most of the people involved in cyberbullying victimization have a problem with their psychological issues. Previous studies have not examined the risks and consequences of cyberbullying between victimized and non-victimized groups based on sex differences among undergraduate students. Thus, this study aims are to examine the association between cyberbullying affecting psychological well-being and health behavior between victimized and non-victimized groups of university students. This research will use a cross-sectional design with primary data collection among undergraduate students from selected university in Samarinda City, Indonesia. The sample size can also be obtained using the A-priori Sample Size for the Structural Equation Models Formulas. The minimum sample size of this study is 700 students. The logistic regression and Structural Equation Model analysis will be employed in this research. The results indicate there are no differences between males and females in the impact of cyberbullying victimization, including the impact on coping capacity, psychological well-being, and health behavior—the factor loading value between males and females is nearly the same. Thus, researcher can conclude that males and females have the same risk of the impact of cyberbullying victimization. On the other hand, the researcher found different results between all student groups (victim and non-victim) and the victim groups only. Based on the significant value (p-value), all student groups (victim and non-victim) have a significant association between cyberbullying experience, coping capacity, psychological well-being, and health behavior. While in the victim group only, the cyberbullying experience was not associated with coping capacity. Then, coping capacity has a significant association with psychological well-being and health behavior. Future researchers need to improve the study design and collecting data technique to prevent the temporal ambiguity issue due to study design and misunderstanding following the instructions of questions due to the self-administered technique.